Costa Rica: IAPA rejects unlawful use of official advertising


MIAMI, Florida (July 12, 2016)—The Inter American Press Association (IAPA) today repudiated practices carried out by Costa Rica's state-owned Banco Nacional bank, whose executives have handled its official advertising with the objective of putting pressure on news media in their news coverage and editorial stance.

"We have been informed that the Banco Nacional has been using its official advertising as a punishment of Costa Rican media, among them our member newspaper La Nación, in applying one of the most corrosive methods of indirect censorship," declared Claudio Paolillo, chairman of the IAPA's Committee on Freedom of the Press and Information.

Paolillo, editor of the Montevideo, Uruguay, weekly Búsqueda, said that "all the Inter-American jurisprudence of the last decades has gone in the opposite direction to what has been done up to now by those in charge of that state institution in Costa Rica."

"It surprised and alarmed us that the Banco Nacional authorities and, in general, the Costa Rican government, do not recognize that jurisprudence, the Declaration of Principles on Freedom of Expression of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, the repeated warnings of the Rapporteurs for Freedom of Expression of the Organization of American States and of the United Nations, and the Declaration of Chapultepec, signed by Costa Rica's President Luis Guillermo Solís," Paolillo declared.

On May 6, 2015, in the presence of an international IAPA delegation co-chaired by the organization's then president Gustavo Mohme (La República, Peru), José Roberto Dutriz (La Prensa Gráfica, El Salvador) and Paolillo President Solís added his signature to the Declaration of Chapultepec at the Executive Branch offices in the Costa Rican capital, San José.

On that occasion President Solís ratified before the IAPA representatives and the entire Costa Rican press the "national principles concerning freedom of the press and of expression in signing the Declaration of Chapultepec." He added that "Costa Rica is committed to, and today we deepen our respect for, freedom of expression, protection of journalists and rules to prevent any direct or indirect censorship of press freedom."

In response the IAPA pointed out on that occasion "the plural, democratic and committed stance of the Costa Rican government concerning freedom of expression and of the press."

The Declaration of Chapultepec has been signed since 1994 by dozens of presidents of all the countries of the Americas. It contains 10 principles on the fundamental right to free speech.

Its Principle 6 establishes that "The media and journalists should neither be discriminated against nor favored because of what they write or say." And Principle 7 adds that "the granting or withdrawal of government advertising may not be used to reward or punish the media or individual journalists."

"Clearly, according to the information received by the IAPA, the Costa Rica Banco Nacional authorities (although not only of that public institution) have ignored those principles and also the fact that the President of the Republic had made them his own a little more than a year ago in an official act," Paolillo said.

He went on to declare that "the capricious use of official advertising on the part of government officials is not only an attack on freedom of expression but also amounts to an act of corruption, as it is an unlawful handling of public money, that which belongs to all citizens, to the benefit of public administrators."

The IAPA is a not-for-profit organization dedicated to the defense and promotion of freedom of the press and of expression in the Americas. It is made up of more than 1,300 print publications from throughout the Western Hemisphere and is based in Miami, Florida. For more information please go to