WHEREAS, the Cuban regime continues to simultaneously and continuously apply different methods of persecution against journalists, magazine contributors and digital platforms; media designers, video producers, media executives, sources, opinion influencers, and press freedom activists.
WHEREAS, these methods included physical violence, arrests, interrogations, threats of prison sentences, denial of employment and access to state schools; surveillance of homes, activities and digital communications of all kinds; psychological harassment of family members, sexual harassment, invention of accusations, prohibition to exit homes, municipalities or country; smear campaigns on Internet or in the areas of residence; fines, and the absence of legal alternatives that would guarantee a fair defense.
WHEREAS, the "Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment," signed and ratified by the Cuban State, establishes in Article 1 that: "the term ‘torture’ shall mean any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on someone for the purpose of obtaining from the person – or from a third party, information or a confession, of punishing someone for an act the person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or to intimidate or coerce that person or others, for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity."
WHEREAS, the Cuban State imposes high duties on the import of journalistic equipment, and very high prices on private use of the Internet.
WHEREAS, the Penal Code, the new draft Constitution, and dozens of other laws, regulations and provisions governing education, the arts, associations, the economy, customs, and telecommunications affect the freedom of expression of citizens and the development of the press.
WHEREAS, Principle 1 of the Chapultepec Declaration states: "There are no free persons or societies without freedom of speech and of the press. The exercise of these is not a concession by the authorities; it is an inalienable right of the people.
THE 74th IAPA GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLVES TO:
Condemn the psychological torture, harassment, persecution, surveillance, impunity, sanctions, and limitations suffered by independent journalists in Cuba.
Request the international bodies of which the country of Cuba is a member – especially the United Nations (UN) and its dependencies: the Human Rights Council (UNHRC), the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), to closely monitor human rights abuses in Cuba.
Urge the Cuban government to eliminate all articles in the draft of the new Constitution that limit freedom of speech and of the press, or undermine the rights to independent courts and fair trials, as well as to amend the Penal Code, Law 88, and the Law on Associations, so that individual and social freedoms are respected.
Request the Cuban government to lower the high prices charged for the use of mobile telephony and internet, and to accelerate and expand connectivity.